Secret operations of the special forces to combat terror
On July 29, 1974, the chairman of the KGB under the Council of Ministers of the USSR, Yu.V. Andropov signed order No. 0089 / ОВ on changing the staff of the 7th department and approving the Regulation on Group "A" of the 5th department of management.
The Regulation says: "Group" A "is a structural subdivision of the 5th department of the 7th KGB Directorate under the Council of Ministers of the USSR and performs special tasks of the Chairman of the State Security Committee under the Council of Ministers of the USSR or a person replacing him, to suppress terrorist, sabotage and other especially dangerous criminal acts committed by hostile extremist elements from among foreigners and Soviet citizens in order to seize foreign missions, their employees, especially important and other important facilities, as well as crew members and passengers of vehicles at airfields, railway stations, sea and river ports on the territory of the USSR ".
What is Group "A"
On the personal order of Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov, border guard officer Hero of the Soviet Union Vitaly Dmitrievich Bubenin was appointed the commander of Group "A". In two months, 28 people were selected, 17 of them were masters of sports, many in 2-3 types. Already on October 1, the group took up combat duty, while continuing combat training.
Later, as part of "Alpha" was also created a unit to fight underwater saboteurs and terrorists. Special forces were trained in the Baltic, in Cuba. We developed our own programs, borrowed something from the Cubans.
Every year the number of fighters increased and, taking into account the regional divisions created in Khabarovsk, Kiev, Minsk, Alma-Ata, Krasnodar and Sverdlovsk, by the summer of 1991 amounted to more than five hundred people.
When the KGB ceased to exist, the unit was transferred to the department of the Main Directorate of Security of the Russian Federation. And in August 1995, "Alpha" was part of the Federal Security Service.
Today Alpha bears the official name of Directorate A and, together with Directorate B (the former legendary Vympel), is part of the Department for Combating Terrorism under the FSB of the Russian Federation. More than two hundred alpha employees serve in Moscow, in addition, there are separate divisions in Krasnodar, Yekaterinburg, Khabarovsk and Sochi.
From combat chronicles "Alpha"
DECEMBER 1979. The assault on the Amin's palace (Taj Bek) in Afghanistan by groups "Thunder" ("Alpha") and "Zenith" (Improvement courses for the operational staff of the KGB) - 48 people in total, with the support of the "Muslim battalion" of paratroopers (154th OSN GRU). After committing a number of preliminary acts of sabotage, the groups moved on several infantry fighting vehicles directly to the palace, where they met fierce resistance from the well-armed and trained guards of the president - about 250 fighters in total.
The officers and soldiers of Amin's personal guard, his bodyguards resisted desperately, not surrendering. The commandos attacked fiercely and brutally. They fired indiscriminately from machine guns and threw grenades into all rooms that came across on the way.
When a group of commandos burst into the second floor of the palace, everyone saw Amin lying near the bar in Adidas shorts and a T-shirt.
This operation was the first truly combat mission of the special group, which, moreover, "Alpha" performed brilliantly, accomplishing the almost impossible.For six months after the storming of Amin's palace, Alpha fighters worked in Afghanistan as bodyguards for members of the new government.
NOVEMBER 1983. A group of criminals armed with pistols hijacked a Tu-134 aircraft (57 passengers, 7 crew members), following the route Tbilisi - Batumi - Kiev - Leningrad, and demanded to change the course and land the plane in Turkey. The terrorists acted very quickly and aggressively: they managed to shoot at close range the flight mechanic, one pilot, brutally beat up two flight attendants (one of whom later became disabled). The crew members had weapons, so a quick firefight ensued, and they even managed to injure one terrorist: he grabbed his shoulder and jumped back into the cabin, the crew managed to tightly close the door to the cockpit behind him.
There and then the terrorists shot two passengers. The first thing the pilots did was give a distress signal and turned around to land in Tbilisi. The Alpha detachment was already hurrying there. Then negotiations began, the special forces officers, posing as technicians, drained all the fuel, reconnoitred the situation inside the plane. All night long the commandos were waiting for the order to storm, the situation inside the aircraft was escalating every hour. Then the moment of the assault finally came. On command, simultaneously from all directions, the special forces entered the plane through the hatches and the cockpit, several terrorists were immediately killed, one of them shot himself, and another managed to twist. During the assault, none of the hostages was injured.
DECEMBER 1988. Several armed bandits - hardened criminals - hijacked a bus with children, 4th grade students, in Ordzhonikidze. A gang of criminals demanded that the plane be served and departed to any foreign country that would not extradite them. Later it turned out that the bandits had shut the windows of the bus tightly and placed cans of gasoline in the cabin. One spark, and the death of thirty children is inevitable.
At that moment, no one yet knew how many specifically bandits - three, four or five. And for the first time a formidable demand was made to issue weapons and body armor. After long negotiations, they were nevertheless handed over to the criminals; in return, the terrorists released all the girls. There were still eleven boys and a teacher held hostage. Then the bandits boarded the plane, releasing the remaining children, but in return they took one KGB officer hostage, who was released just before the flight to Israel.
The plane took off and landed at one of the military bases near Tel Aviv, where the bandits were arrested. For the Russian criminals, the Alpha fighters flew in. The bandits were handcuffed and blindfolded, the Israeli special services set up a living corridor, escorted the arrested along it. At the door of the plane, the terrorists were received by two employees of "Alpha". A few hours later, the Il-76 had already landed at the Sheremetyevo airport.
MAY 1989. A group of persons under investigation of the detention center No. 1 of the UITU Department of Internal Affairs of the Saratov Regional Executive Committee, threatening with homemade cold steel, while walking in the inner courtyard of the detention center, took two employees of the detention center as hostages. Having seized the keys to the third floor of the building, the criminals opened one of the cells and additionally took two underage persons under investigation as hostages. Having barricaded themselves on the floor, the criminals demanded a meeting with the leadership of the UITU, representatives of the prosecutor's office and the Internal Affairs Directorate. They also demanded 4 pistols, ten thousand rubles, transport and the opportunity to leave the region. After several hours of negotiations, the criminals' demands were partially satisfied: they were given one PM pistol with 24 live cartridges and part of the money, for which they released a woman and a teenager.
Then a minibus was brought up, where the criminals and hostages themselves sat. They were given the opportunity to leave, but surveillance was installed.As a result of operational measures the next day, the location was established in one of the residential buildings of a persecuted group of criminals who had already managed to seize the owner of the apartment with his wife and two-year-old daughter. There were eleven people in the apartment in total. Group "A" was sent to the place of detection. At three o'clock in the morning, the order was given to storm. It should be noted right away that the commandos were armed only with blank cartridges. With the help of special mountaineering equipment, Alpha fighters flew from the roof into the windows, knocking out the glass and throwing imitation grenades into the entire room. The second group of commandos knocked out the front door with a battering ram and burst into the room. One bandit managed to fire two shots, but both bullets hit the Alpha employee in the bulletproof vest. At the same instant, the assault group rounded up all the bandits that were present. None of the hostages was hurt.
AUGUST 1990. In Sukhumi, seven arrested criminals, who were in the temporary detention center of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Abkhaz ASSR, took three guards hostage. Taking the keys, they released 68 prisoners from their cells. A few minutes later, the mutinous prisoners took possession of the weapon. It turned out that in the isolation ward, in one of the rooms, there were 28 thousand units of various ammunition and more than three thousand rifled and smooth-bore weapons: rifles, hunting rifles, pistols.
A group of 22 Alpha employees and 31 soldiers of the Vityaz special-purpose detachment flew to Sukhumi from Moscow.
Throughout the night, they equipped the "rafik" with pyrotechnics, which had to be handed over to the terrorists; an additional distracting explosive device was planted in the courtyard of the isolation ward. Finally, the RAF was driven into the courtyard, the criminals pulled on black stockings with slits for the eyes, with weapons and backpacks, a crowd burst into the minibus, not forgetting to take two hostages with them. The exit gate was tightly blocked by an armored personnel carrier that had taxied out.
The first assault group, after distracting explosions, went to storm the "rafik", the second group of special forces simultaneously penetrated into the isolation ward, and the third - into the side door of the isolation ward. Rafik was taken by storm, one Alpha employee was wounded, but all the criminals were detained. At the same second, another group of special forces dropped the hatch and entered the prison.
There they were met with a hurricane of fire by armed bandits, but the special forces used some secret "psychological weapon" (we will not explain what exactly), and one shot was enough for all the resisting prisoners to surrender.
JULY 1995. A large detachment of Chechen terrorists, only about two hundred armed militants, under the command of Sh. Basayev, entered Budennovsk, a small town in the Stavropol Territory. They took more than 1000 people hostage and drove them to the hospital. Negotiations were unsuccessful. Then "Alpha" received the order to storm. The soldiers of the special forces later recalled that the hail of bullets was like lead rain. Many of those who went to the assault later shook out several bullets from their bulletproof vests. On the paths leading to the hospital, bullet holes were located 2-3 cm apart. In Basayev's gang, 21 terrorists were killed on the spot, another 37 later died from severe wounds. The terrorists were shocked by the super-professional actions of "Alpha", which, despite the hurricane fire of terrorists, was able to come close to the hospital and even occupied all the adjacent buildings. 300 hostages were released by the stunned Basayev without any conditions. Then negotiations began with Chernomyrdin. What they have led - everyone knows.
MAY 2005. Fighters of the "Alpha" group and operational officers of the FSB prevented a large-scale terrorist attack using powerful poisons. Through operational channels, information was received that a batch of poisons intended for large-scale sabotage had been transported from the territory of the Pankisi Gorge of Georgia to Chechnya.The customer of the crime was a foreign mercenary - a citizen of Jordan A. Mujaid, who organized the acquisition and delivery of poisonous substances. The dangerous cargo was received by A. Daudov's gang.
On May 17, FSB special forces surrounded a gang on the outskirts of Grozny in an abandoned house. During a short battle, three militants led by Daudov were killed. The entire batch of poisons was found in the house. The carried out express analysis confirmed their danger. The poisonous sabotage was supposed to be arranged in Grozny, Nazran and Nalchik - maps of these cities with symbols of the places of poisoning were seized from the militants.
These are just a few operations. There are more than 850 of them on the account of Alpha officers, most of whom are still not known to the general public. No other military unit can boast of having so many high-class professionals and such a constellation of awards. Dozens of Heroes of the Soviet Union, Heroes of Russia, hundreds of officers and warrant officers were awarded the Orders of Lenin, the Red Banner, the Red Star, "For Personal Courage", the Order of Courage, "For Military Merit" and medals.