Armored vehicles of the "Patrol" program: protected transport for the Ministry of Internal Affairs

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Armored vehicles of the "Patrol" program: protected transport for the Ministry of Internal Affairs
Armored vehicles of the "Patrol" program: protected transport for the Ministry of Internal Affairs

Currently, in the interests of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and structures from its composition, several projects of armored vehicles are being developed. Within the framework of the program with the symbol "Patrol", several armored cars have been created, which can be used to transport personnel and cargo, perform patrols, reconnaissance, etc. In addition, these machines are able to protect them from shelling or mine detonation. Several organizations of the automotive and defense industries were involved in the program, which resulted in the emergence of several options for a promising armored car. Consider the equipment proposed by the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

KamAZ-43501/43502 "Patrol"

The first samples of equipment created under the Patrol program were presented a year and a half ago at the Interpolitex 2014 exhibition. One of the variants of such a machine was presented by Asteys CJSC, known for its developments in the field of protection systems and technology. The specialists of this company took as a basis for their armored car the existing chassis of the KamAZ-43501 type, on which they mounted the original armored body and all the necessary additional equipment. The result of this was the emergence of a new armored car, which was proposed for arming various units of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.


An early version of the KamAZ-43501 Patrol armored car. Photo

The KAMAZ-43501 "Patrol" armored car is designed to carry up to 10 people or the corresponding cargo on various roads or off-road. The design of the hull protects the crew and passengers from shelling. When developing the project, the designers had to take into account some additional requirements, for example, to reduce the dimensions and weight of the machine. Such requirements, among other things, led to some modifications to the base chassis, aimed at reducing its length and height.

The prototype "Patrol" presented in 2014 was based on the modified KamAZ-43501 chassis. This product has a 4x4 wheel arrangement and is also equipped with a 261 hp Cummins ISBe 6.7-250 diesel engine linked to a ZF9S1310 nine-speed gearbox. When converted into the basis for an armored car, the chassis retained the dependent suspension based on bridges and semi-elliptical springs.

The armored car KamAZ-43501 "Patrol" received an original armored hull with a bonnet configuration with a total habitable volume that combines the driver's cab and the troop compartment. Due to the specific layout of the base chassis, the Patrol hull is distinguished by a relatively low hood and a sufficiently high floor of the habitable compartment, which gives the vehicle a characteristic appearance. The body of the armored car is assembled by welding. The basis of this unit are sheets of armored steel grade A3, having the required shapes and sizes. Bulletproof glasses are also provided. According to the developer, in the basic configuration, the body of the new armored vehicle meets the 5th class of domestic protection standards.

The entire crew of a promising armored car is located in the total habitable volume. The driver and commander are in the front of the hull and have a set of equipment necessary to control the machine. For the landing, nine folding chairs are provided, installed at the sides of the aft part of the hull. The driver and commander have their own side doors, and in addition, there are roof hatches above their seats. It was proposed to get into the troop compartment through the right side door (behind the commander's door), as well as through the single-wing stern door. Hatches were also cut into the roof of the troop compartment.


The third prototype of "Patrol" from "Asteis". Photo

The Patrol armored car, introduced in 2014, did not have any weapons of its own. At the same time, embrasures with movable flaps were located in the windows of the troop compartment, intended for the use of the crew's personal weapons. In the future, the car could receive any combat module with the required characteristics.

The first version of the KamAZ-43501 "Patrol" armored car had a total weight of 12.7 tons. By reworking the design of the base chassis, the developer company managed to slightly reduce the overall dimensions of the armored vehicle. In particular, the wheelbase was reduced to 3, 67 m, and the floor of the cargo compartment, it was claimed, received a lower height compared to the base chassis in the original configuration. With the available indicators of mass and engine power, the maximum speed on the highway was set at 100 km / h.

Having relatively high characteristics, capable of ensuring the solution of the assigned tasks, the first version of the Patrol armored car from the Asteys company had some problems. One of the main ones was considered the use of imported components, associated with the risk of termination of supplies for political reasons. Thus, it became necessary to redesign the project using domestic components and assemblies. In addition, in the course of such a modernization, it was decided to change some of the features of the armored vehicle.

An updated version of the Patrol armored car was presented at the Army-2015 exhibition, and then at the Interpolitex-2015 salon. The goals and objectives of the armored car remained the same - transportation and protection of people, patrolling, reconnaissance, etc. In order to improve some of the characteristics and general ease of use, noticeable changes were made to the original project, which affected both the internal components and the appearance of the machine.


Late Patrol prototype. Photo

The biggest innovation of the updated project was the used chassis. The updated "Patrol" is built on the basis of the KamAZ-43502 chassis, which has some differences from the KamAZ-43501. It was also decided to abandon the imported engine, replacing it with a domestic diesel KamAZ-740.652-260 with a capacity of 260 hp. This made it possible to preserve the main characteristics, but exclude the influence of foreign supplies.

The general layout of the body of the KamAZ-43502 "Patrol" armored car remained the same, but the design of this unit was modified. In particular, the base level of protection has dropped to class 4. At the same time, additional booking modules were proposed, with the help of which the protection of the armored car can be brought to class 6A. Several door installation options are also offered. Two, three or four side doors, as well as a hinged aft door, can be mounted on the hull. Hatches are provided in the roof. The configuration of such means for entering the machine can be determined by the customer.

Inside the armored hull with a volume of 12 cubic meters, it was possible to place chairs for 10 paratroopers. If it is necessary to transport any cargo, a load weighing up to 1500 kg can be placed in the habitable compartment. It is possible to tow a trailer with a total weight of up to 5 tons. In terms of its dimensions, the armored car does not differ from other equipment of this class: length 7, 15 m, width 2, 5 m and height 3, 1 m. The curb weight of the updated "Patrol" is declared at level 11, 75 t.

The power plant used allows the armored car to reach speeds of up to 100 km / h. The power reserve exceeds 1000 km. It is possible to overcome a ford with a depth of up to 1.75 m, a ditch with a width of 0.6 m and an ascent to a wall with a height of 0.5 m. To solve additional tasks, the machine is equipped with a hydraulic winch with a force of up to 6000 kgf.


KamAZ-53949 "Typhoonok" / "Patrol-A". Photo by the author

Later, the third version of the Patrol armored car was created, which is a modernized version of the second. It differs in some details that have a significant impact on the survivability of the vehicle itself and its crew. For example, certain measures were taken to protect the crew from explosive devices. In addition, the ergonomics of the armored car has undergone some improvements.

It was reported that in 2015 the Asteys company built a prototype of the updated armored car and presented it for testing. Over the next few months, it was planned to carry out the entire range of necessary checks, after which the Ministry of Internal Affairs had to draw conclusions and decide on the further fate of the proposed technology. New reports on the progress of the tests have not yet appeared, the decision of the Ministry of Internal Affairs also remains unknown.

KamAZ-53949 "Patrol-A"

At the end of 2014, information appeared about the possible appearance of an alternative to Asteys armored cars. A few months earlier, the Kama Automobile Plant presented its new KamAZ-53949 "Typhoonok" armored car, which was originally intended for the armed forces. At this time, the defense industry faced foreign sanctions and a sharp reduction in the range of available imported components, which could negatively affect the progress of several projects.

A significant number of imported components and assemblies are used in the design of the "Typhoonok" armored car. In particular, it is the foreign engine and transmission that form the basis of its power plant. Bridges and tires were also supplied by overseas companies. In this regard, information appeared in the press about possible problems with the serial production of such equipment and its subsequent operation in the army. As a result of such rumors, there were reports about the possible renaming of the Typhoonenok project into "Patrol-A" and the subsequent proposal of this vehicle to the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Such assumptions have not yet received sufficient confirmation. So, in the fall of last year, representatives of the developer company argued that the new armored car should go into production in 2018, despite all possible problems. At the same time, it was really planned to offer it to the Ministry of Internal Affairs.


Workplace of the driver of the Patrol-A car. Photo by the author

The armored vehicle KamAZ-53949 "Typhoonok" / "Patrol-A" is a protected vehicle of increased cross-country ability, proposed for use when patrolling the area, escorting convoys, conducting reconnaissance and solving other problems. The body of the vehicle is designed taking into account the protection of the crew from fire from small arms and the detonation of explosive devices.

The KamAZ-53949 armored car is equipped with a 350 hp Cummins 6ISBe 350 diesel engine. and an automatic six-speed hydromechanical transmission from Allison. It should be noted that these particular features of the project are considered the main disadvantage and may pose a certain risk in the current international situation. The chassis of the car is built on the basis of axles with hydropneumatic suspension.

"Typhoonok" / "Patrol-A" received a bonnet body with a single habitable volume. The body is welded and equipped with a combined protection consisting of metal and ceramic elements. This armor complies with level 3 of the STANAG-4569 standard and allows you to protect the crew from armor-piercing rifle bullets. Also, the hull is equipped with mine protection corresponding to levels 3a and 3b - blasting up to 8 kg of TNT under the wheel or under the bottom. The hull is equipped with bulletproof glass, providing a good overview and protecting the crew from shelling. There are no embrasures in doors or windows.

Inside the habitable compartment of the hull, 10 seats are installed, including the driver's seat. There are four seats, mounted forward in the direction of travel, as well as six, installed at the sides in the rear of the hull. In connection with the need to protect the crew from the impact of the energy of explosions, special "mine" seats with appropriate safety belts are used. For boarding the car, it is proposed to use four side doors and one aft door. There are also several hatches in the hull roof.


Airborne department. Photo by the author

With a total weight of 14 tons, the KamAZ-53949 armored car is capable of carrying up to 2 tons of cargo. At the same time, the car is capable of accelerating to 105 km / h and overcoming various obstacles. The dimensions of the armored car correspond to the dimensions of other vehicles of a similar class. The length is about 6.5 m, the width is about 2.5 m, the height is less than 2.7 m.

The first sample of the KamAZ-53949 armored car was demonstrated back in 2013. Subsequently, this technique was shown several times at various exhibitions of weapons and military equipment. According to the latest data, the armored car is undergoing the necessary tests, according to the results of which it can be adopted and put into production. The first production vehicles of this type are planned to be released in 2018.

At the end of 2014, it was reported that due to the widespread use of imported components, the Taifunenok armored car may not get into the Russian armed forces. In this regard, unconfirmed information appeared about a possible offer of such equipment to the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Among other things, it was reported that the armored car had already been presented to the commander-in-chief of the internal troops. However, further detailed news about the "Typhoonok" / "Patrol-A" project was not received. As before, the main messages about this vehicle relate to construction in the interests of the armed forces.

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