History 2022, August

“Don't hit it with your forehead! yes, we will all die or serve our time. " How Kazan fell

“Don't hit it with your forehead! yes, we will all die or serve our time. " How Kazan fell

The Kazan campaign began on July 3, 1552 after the defeat of the Crimean horde of Devlet (the heroic defense of Tula and the defeat of the Crimean Turkish army on the Shivoron River). The Russian army was moving in two columns. The Guard Regiment, the Left Hand Regiment and the Tsar's Regiment headed by Ivan Vasilyevich went through

A dancer-lieutenant, and besides, she is also black: the inimitable Josephine Baker

A dancer-lieutenant, and besides, she is also black: the inimitable Josephine Baker

The Black Pearl Josephine Baker Youth It is clear that the conditions in which Josephine grew up were more than modest. In addition, in 1907, when she also had a brother, her father left the family. True, in 1911, Josephine's mother managed to get married a second time and so she had two more sisters

Reflections on sending the 3rd Pacific Squadron. What was the mistake of the Naval Ministry

Reflections on sending the 3rd Pacific Squadron. What was the mistake of the Naval Ministry

As you know, the 2nd Pacific Squadron part of the route from Libava to Madagascar followed in separate detachments. She split up in Tangier: five newest battleships, "Admiral Nakhimov" and a number of other ships went bypassing the African continent, while a separate detachment under the command of

The fifth column in Russia

The fifth column in Russia

Westernization of the Elite and Intellectuals The Russian elite was unable to ensure the development of national projects in order to reveal the full and wonderful potential of the Russian civilization and the Russian super-ethnos. Both the Third Rome of the Romanovs and the Red Project of the Russian Communists achieved amazing successes, but ended

Hello expats, free Beijing

Hello expats, free Beijing

Welcome or … Beijing simply could not help but notice that in the confrontation between the PRC and the USSR in the early 60s, the notorious dissident People's Labor Union immediately took the Chinese side (Our dissidents in the case of Marx-Engels-Lenin-Stalin- Mao were correct). According to World Broadcast and

Professional competence. Commanding staff of the 2nd squadron of the Pacific Fleet

Professional competence. Commanding staff of the 2nd squadron of the Pacific Fleet

How ready were the seamen of the Baltic Fleet? What combat and service experience did you have? Was Rozhestvensky right when he wrote that Alekseev had already taken the best? The questions are complex. We can only read biographies and draw conclusions from them, and they do not always reflect the competence of a person. Yes, and impetuous

Situation of blacks in the United States after the Civil War

Situation of blacks in the United States after the Civil War

Faced with a spike in violence against blacks since slavery ended, blacks in the southern United States have often resorted to military force to protect themselves and their communities. Compared to similar efforts by the warring slaves before the Civil War, the defensive efforts of blacks during so

Slavery in the South of the United States before and after the Civil War

Slavery in the South of the United States before and after the Civil War

INTRODUCTION Some scholars of American history suggest that the institution of slavery was dying on the eve of the Civil War, implying that the war itself was fought because of the more general, philosophical principles of state rights, and not because of slavery itself. Economic data show that this finding is

People's Commissars 100 grams. History and facts

People's Commissars 100 grams. History and facts

People's Commissars' 100 grams became almost legendary, many front-line soldiers and officers left fond memories of this norm. The townsfolk have also heard about it, but their knowledge of the subject, as often happens, is very superficial. In fact, in Red

People's liberation uprisings in Afghanistan against British hegemony

People's liberation uprisings in Afghanistan against British hegemony

The British Empire invaded Afghanistan twice - in 1838-1842 and in 1878-1881. In both cases, the purpose of the invasion was to distract from Russian influence and prevent it from gaining a foothold in a strategic region. In response to every invasion, the Afghan population rebelled against their occupiers. First

Vympel Group celebrates its 40th anniversary

Vympel Group celebrates its 40th anniversary

Photo from the archives of the Central Security Service of the FSB of Russia Exactly 40 years ago, on August 19, 1981, the Vympel group was created as part of the "C" department of the First Main Directorate of the KGB of the USSR. Initially, this special forces unit was created to conduct operations outside the Soviet Union. Contemporary events

Defeat of brigade commander Vinogradov

Defeat of brigade commander Vinogradov

Of course, the plans for that unremarkable war, frankly speaking, suffered from hats and contempt for the enemy, and the elaboration of the operation was very, to put it mildly, superficial, but there were reasons and reasons for this. Ten pre-war years were very successful for the country and for the Red Army and

Battle of Ronseval Gorge, its results and consequences

Battle of Ronseval Gorge, its results and consequences

Charlemagne in Ronseval Gorge Today we will finish the story that began in the article "Furious" Roland in literature and life, as well as talk about the historical basis of the events described in the epic poem "The Song of Roland". Battle of Ronseval Gorge Battle of Roland with the Moors, 14th century miniature So

The Emperor's Footsteps. Poor, poor Paul

The Emperor's Footsteps. Poor, poor Paul

Yanenko F.I. Portrait of Paul I, 1798. Oil on canvas. 244x168. Varied copy of the portrait by S.S. Shchukin. Mikhailovsky Castle “For me, there are no parties or interests other than the interests of the state, and given my character, it’s hard for me to see that things are going at random and that the reason is

How the State Emergency Committee tried to save the USSR

How the State Emergency Committee tried to save the USSR

Press conference of the GKChP at the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs, August 19, 1991 30 years ago, a short period of power of the State Committee for a State of Emergency (GKChP) began. One of the few attempts to preserve what was created and accumulated by Russia during the USSR, to keep the nation on the brink of disaster. Failed due to

POUM - a party that has chosen the wrong goal and the wrong side

POUM - a party that has chosen the wrong goal and the wrong side

Demonstration of POUM on the streets of Barcelona “Do not be yoked with unbelievers, for what is the communion of righteousness with lawlessness? What does light have to do with darkness?”2 Corinthians 6:14 The Spanish Civil War. Until now, it is the most unknown European war. And to this day

The Emperor's Footsteps. Gatchina Hamlet

The Emperor's Footsteps. Gatchina Hamlet

F.N. Rokotov. Portrait of Empress Catherine II. 1763. GMZ "Pavlovsk". Until 1941, he was in the collection of the Gatchina Palace-Museum “- Why don't you write about the estate P …? - Okay, a counter question. Why don't you write about Paul?”(From a correspondence with a friend) Unrecognized by history. In the evening of November 5, 1796

The Emperor's Footsteps. The long-awaited throne of Paul I

The Emperor's Footsteps. The long-awaited throne of Paul I

Manor Sergievka. Lyrical digression - Andrei Ivanovich Stakenschneider, the son of the sought-after miller, will build the Leuchtenberg Palace in the Sergievka estate, which is located between Peterhof and Oranienbaum, near St. Petersburg. The fact is that Maximilian of Leuchtenberg, the son of Napoleon Bonaparte's stepson

Wallace Collection Knight Armor

Wallace Collection Knight Armor

Wallace Assembly Building Real Renaissance knightly armor. Today we will get to know them in the most detailed way! “If I had not been wearing impenetrable armor, this villain would have shot me seven times as coldly as a hardened deer. It got into every solder of my shell

Creation of the Southern Front. Pre-war events

Creation of the Southern Front. Pre-war events

Southern front. In the previous part, the vision of the leaders of the spacecraft was considered about the number of German divisions that Germany can put up against the USSR, about intelligence information and about the impracticable Directive No. 3. We will continue to consider events that are indirectly related to the organization

1941. Concentration of separate armies at the southern state border

1941. Concentration of separate armies at the southern state border

The article uses the following abbreviations: A - army, ABTU - armored vehicle directorate (GABTU - Main ABTU), VO - military district, state police - mountain rifle division, GSh - General Staff, ZhBD - combat log, SC - Red Army, cd - cavalry division, MK - mechanized corps, MD

The heroic defense of Tula and the defeat of the Crimean Turkish army on the Shivoron river

The heroic defense of Tula and the defeat of the Crimean Turkish army on the Shivoron river

Reconstruction of the Tula Kremlin (XVI century) Renewal of the war After the uprising in Kazan, the Astrakhan prince Yadygar-Mukhammed (Ediger) was proclaimed the new khan. It is interesting that earlier he was in the Russian service and participated in the Kazan campaign in 1550. Astrakhan prince in March 1552 rushed

Front letters from my grandfather (part 2)

Front letters from my grandfather (part 2)

August 6, 1942 Dear Lida, Finally got a letter. The letter that calmed me down. I am glad that my assumptions about the reason for the delay did not come true. I changed my mind a lot during this time. Still, I want to tell you frankly what I think about. I don't know how to explain what's between us

Kazan campaigns and the capture of Kazan on October 2, 1552

Kazan campaigns and the capture of Kazan on October 2, 1552

In the mid-1540s, a turning point was outlined in the eastern policy of the Russian state. The era of boyar rule in Moscow, which switched the main attention and forces to the struggle for power, is over. This put an end to the doubts of the Moscow government regarding the Kazan Khanate. Kazanskoe

Unit 731 - Death Factory

Unit 731 - Death Factory

In Japan there is a museum "Detachment 731", the notorious fame of which is the reason for the mass pilgrimage here of tourists from all over the world, but, above all, the Japanese themselves. However, if a visit to the Buchenwald concentration camp memorial in Germany causes the Germans to feel shudder, hatred of Nazism and pity

Kwantung Army. 70 years of surrender

Kwantung Army. 70 years of surrender

During the Second World War, the Kwantung Army was the most numerous and powerful military group of the Imperial Japanese Army. This army unit was concentrated in China. It was assumed that in the event of the outbreak of hostilities with the Soviet Union, it was the Kwantung Army

Strokes for the portrait of Admiral Rozhdestvensky

Strokes for the portrait of Admiral Rozhdestvensky

The personality of Admiral Rozhdestvensky is one of the most controversial in the history of the Russian fleet. Some contemporaries presented him as a victim of circumstances, falling under the molok of an archaic system of government of the empire. Soviet historians and writers described him as a despot and tyrant, who, possessing

Service history. "Admiral Lazarev" - "Red Caucasus"

Service history. "Admiral Lazarev" - "Red Caucasus"

"Admiral Lazarev" (from 14.12.1926 - "Krasny Kavkaz") Laid down on October 19, 1913 at the Russud plant. March 18, 1914 enlisted in the lists of ships of the Black Sea Fleet. Launched June 8, 1916, construction stopped in November 1917 Completion of the new project began in September 1927 March 9, 1930 under construction

American myth about the war between the North and the South "for the freedom of slaves." Part 2

American myth about the war between the North and the South "for the freedom of slaves." Part 2

Attitudes Toward Slavery in the South and North Despite the propaganda of the abolitionists, who at their meetings and rallies, greatly embellished the suffering of blacks in the South, and the established belief that slavery is bad, no one in the North was going to make blacks equal to whites. Northerners led by

"Flight of the Eagle". How Napoleon, with a handful of soldiers and without firing a shot, captured France

"Flight of the Eagle". How Napoleon, with a handful of soldiers and without firing a shot, captured France

200 years ago, on June 18, 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte suffered a final defeat at Waterloo. The battle took place in the course of Napoleon's attempt to defend the French throne, which was lost after the war against the coalition of the largest European states and the restoration of the Bourbon dynasty in the country. His

"Black Panthers". The FBI called them the most dangerous enemy of the American state

"Black Panthers". The FBI called them the most dangerous enemy of the American state

Interracial conflicts have always been one of the most serious domestic political problems for the United States of America. Despite the fact that racial discrimination against the African American population is formally a thing of the past, in reality, the colossal differences in the level and quality of life between the "white" and

Scorched by war

Scorched by war

Not so long ago, on duty, I had a chance to visit Uzbekistan again. I wandered the streets of the small town of Angren near Tashkent and remembered the architect Alexander Nikolaevich Zotov. I once wrote about this unique person, a veteran of the Great Patriotic War in my book "Entering the Sky"

Dybenko and Krylenko are two from the triumvirate. At the head of the military department

Dybenko and Krylenko are two from the triumvirate. At the head of the military department

So different - a soldier and a sailor In fact, in those years there were a lot of such dissimilar, and at the same time absolutely typical revolutionaries like Nikolai Krylenko and Pavel Dybenko. A lot has been written about them, including on the pages of "Military Review" (Himself Commander-in-Chief) and ("Rehabilitated

Islam and World War I

Islam and World War I

On Wednesday, November 11, 1914, as Ottoman generals mobilized their troops to fight on the side of the Central Powers, Sheikh al-Islam Urguplu Hayri, the highest religious authority in Constantinople, issued five fatwas, calling on Muslims around the world to jihad against the Entente countries and promising them status

Slavs and Avars in the VI century

Slavs and Avars in the VI century

In the 50s of the VI century. The Slavs, taking advantage of the fact that the main forces of Byzantium were diverted to Italy, not only engaged in robbery in the northern provinces, but even captured the small city of Toper in Thrace (Rhodope province). Reconstruction of the Avar horseman. Artist Gorelik M.V. In addition to them, borders

"Meeting at the Kushka". Russia was on the brink of war with Britain

"Meeting at the Kushka". Russia was on the brink of war with Britain

Relations between Russia and Great Britain have always been difficult. Since the transformation of the Russian Empire into a militarily strong power, expanding its territory and claiming influence in the regions of the Middle and Far East, Central Asia, Russia has become the main rival

"Furious" Roland in literature and life

"Furious" Roland in literature and life

The Battle of Ronseval, a medieval miniature We recently talked about Rodrigo Diaz de Bivar, the hero of the epic poem Cantar de mío Cid (Song of My Side). The victories and exploits of this knight are quite real, but his glory did not go beyond the borders of the Iberian Peninsula. Much more fortunate in this regard

How the Industrial Revolution influenced urban design

How the Industrial Revolution influenced urban design

When we talk about the industrial revolution, we often think of large factories, chimneys, rampant population densities, and crowded streets. The immediate picture is always associated with the cities of the industrial era. But we often overlook how our cities have developed. So how

Gorbachev. associates and accomplices. How the USSR was sold

Gorbachev. associates and accomplices. How the USSR was sold

Today, there is no doubt that Gorbachev and his entourage played a decisive role in preparing the collapse of the Union of the Indestructible, one part of whom actively implemented the destructive decisions of the Secretary General, and the other silently watched as betrayal corroded the foundations and unity of the country

Far Eastern wars of Russia

Far Eastern wars of Russia

There is such an opinion - with approximately equal technical equipment and morale, it is not heroism, not willpower, but logistics and supplies that wins, generals can be smart, soldiers are brave, weapons of the best world standards, but if the theater of war is not prepared, if the delivery of goods and reinforcements