Air defense 2022, August

Modernization and hypersonic threat. Processes for updating the US strategic missile defense

Modernization and hypersonic threat. Processes for updating the US strategic missile defense

Launch of the GBI antimissile, May 2019. In the distant future, such missiles will be replaced by the NGIK product. At present, a fairly large and developed multicomponent strategic missile defense system has been created in the United States, but it does not fully meet the current challenges and requirements. V

Growth of characteristics and completion of work. Modernization of the A-135 system

Growth of characteristics and completion of work. Modernization of the A-135 system

Radar station "Don-2N". In recent years, it has been repeatedly reported about its modernization. Over the past few years, a program has been underway to modernize the strategic missile defense of Moscow and the Central Industrial Region according to the modern A-135M project. System components

The birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Murder Story 5E53

The birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Murder Story 5E53

Our series of articles began with a description of the meeting, which formed the basis of all missile defense developments in our country, the very one where the young and daring Kisunko had a delicious fight with Mints and Raspletin and proved to them that it was possible and necessary to create a missile defense system. We promised that that dispute would still hurt him very much (alas

Japanese anti-aircraft missile systems of the Cold War era

Japanese anti-aircraft missile systems of the Cold War era

In parallel with the creation of the Air Self-Defense Forces, the systematic development of the ground component of the Japanese air defense system began in the late 1950s. In addition to a network of radar posts and an automated control system, it included medium and long-range anti-aircraft missile systems

The birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Attack of the clones

The birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Attack of the clones

How did Zelenograd come to the idea of ​​copying microcircuits, why didn't they start developing their own, domestic? The first clones are very simple. As we remember, in NII-35 a certain B.V. Malin sat in the warm position of the chief, all the greatness of which, as a designer, lay in his father - V.N. Malin

The birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Zelenograd and Leningrad

The birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Zelenograd and Leningrad

Source: Retro Zelenograd / vk.com The history of Zelenograd began, oddly enough, in Leningrad and was associated with those very punchy Americans - Staros and Berg, about whose adventures in the USA and the Czech Republic we have already written. This story is very complex, confusing, full of lies, resentments and omissions

The birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Greatest modular computer

The birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Greatest modular computer

Soviet city of dreams - Zelenograd. In the late 1950s, Khrushchev visited Finland and was impressed by the Finnish suburb of Tapiola. It was decided to implement a similar project in our country too, having surrounded the capital with several satellite cities at once on a Soviet scale, bringing enterprises there. Zelenograd was supposed to

Missile defense of Japan

Missile defense of Japan

The formal reason for the creation and improvement of the Japanese missile defense system is the North Korean nuclear missile program. Foreign experts believe that as of 2020, the DPRK had more than 30 nuclear warheads. Pyongyang has several hundred

The birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Osokin vs. Kilby, who actually invented the microcircuit

The birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Osokin vs. Kilby, who actually invented the microcircuit

There are 3 early patents for integrated circuits and one article about them. The first patent (1949) belonged to Werner Jacobi, a German engineer from Siemens AG, he proposed using microcircuits for, again, hearing aids, but no one was interested in his idea. Then there was the famous

Complex "Nudol" against the background of other missile defense components

Complex "Nudol" against the background of other missile defense components

First alleged image of the Nudol launcher. Graphics Bmpd.livejournal.com The Russian Armed Forces and the defense industry are currently completing an ongoing program to modernize the strategic missile defense of Moscow and Central Industrial

The birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Long road to integrated circuits

The birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Long road to integrated circuits

Standardization As for the first task - here, alas, as we mentioned in the previous article, there was no smell of standardization of computers in the USSR. This was the greatest scourge of Soviet computers (along with officials), which it was just as impossible to overcome. The idea of ​​a standard is often overlooked

Unique and forgotten: the birth of the Soviet missile defense system. We return to the USSR

Unique and forgotten: the birth of the Soviet missile defense system. We return to the USSR

The history of the USSR's missile defense is woven from three main components. First, these are the biographies and achievements of two Russian fathers of modular arithmetic, who in the USSR picked up the scientific torch lit by Antonin Svoboda - I. Ya. Akushsky and D. I. Yuditsky. Secondly, this is the story exactly

The birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Crystadins, triodes and transistors

The birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Crystadins, triodes and transistors

Detector ROBTiT and its application - small field radio station PMV. Unfortunately, the war interrupted research in the Russian Empire, although it also led to the creation of the Tver receiving radio station, where a unique research team headed by Professor V.K. Lebedinsky and M.A

The birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Yuditsky builds a supercomputer

The birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Yuditsky builds a supercomputer

The main command post of the A-35M missile defense system in operation, late 1970s (photo - http://vpk-news.ru) Then two people appear in history, who are called the fathers of domestic modular arithmetic, however, everything is not easy here. As a rule, there were two unspoken traditions for Soviet developments. Usually if

American air defense forces, aviation reconnaissance and control systems deployed in Japan

American air defense forces, aviation reconnaissance and control systems deployed in Japan

Photo: Andrei Shmatko / wikipedia.org In the comments to the article on modern Japanese fighters, some readers expressed the opinion that the multiple superiority of the Air and Naval Self-Defense Forces of Japan over our Far Eastern 11th Air Force and Air Defense Army and the Red Banner Pacific

Japan's air defense system during the Cold War

Japan's air defense system during the Cold War

Until the mid-1970s, Japanese ground-based air defense units and fighter aircraft were equipped with American-made equipment and weapons systems or manufactured at Japanese enterprises under an American license. Subsequently, Japanese companies producing aviation equipment and

The birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Transistor machines of the USSR

The birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Transistor machines of the USSR

Turgenevskaya Square, VTB Bank office - the former building of the USSR Ministry of Radio Engineering and Electronic Industry - built in 1982. Source: moskva.pictures Hearing aid disabilities Recall that Bell Type A was so unreliable that their main customer, the Pentagon, withdrew

Unique and forgotten: the birth of the Soviet missile defense system. EPOS project

Unique and forgotten: the birth of the Soviet missile defense system. EPOS project

SOKYAN Oblonsky, one of the first students of Svoboda and the developer of EPOS-1, recalls it this way (Eloge: Antonin Svoboda, 1907-l980, IEEE Annals of the History of Computing Vol. 2. No. 4, October 1980): An original idea was put forward by Svoboda on his computer engineering course at

Modern Japanese radar airspace control and air defense control system of Japan

Modern Japanese radar airspace control and air defense control system of Japan

Unlike a number of European countries, after the end of the Cold War, Japan has not lost its positions in terms of preserving the radar field over the entire territory of the country and adjacent sea areas. Moreover, new radar stations are regularly built, and the existing ones are being modernized and

Unique and forgotten: the birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Czech Republic comes into play

Unique and forgotten: the birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Czech Republic comes into play

Engineer Svoboda The life story of engineer Svoboda is drawn to a small adventure novel and is little covered in Russian literature. He was born in Prague in 1907 and survived the First World War. Wandered around Europe, fleeing the Nazis. He returned to Czechoslovakia, already Soviet. And in the end I was forced to

About the great and terrible US missile defense, information war and sea gods

About the great and terrible US missile defense, information war and sea gods

Keeping track of how public opinion changes is always interesting. Not so long ago, about ten to fifteen years ago, the prevailing opinion was the invulnerability of intercontinental ballistic missiles. That is, they, of course, could be destroyed before the start, if it was possible to inflict a leading one

US missile defense system. Part 3

US missile defense system. Part 3

After the rejection of Reagan's "Star Wars" research in the field of advanced missile defense systems in the United States did not stop. One of the most unusual and interesting projects, the implementation of which reached the stage of construction of prototypes, was an anti-missile laser on an aviation

South Korean MANPADS and mobile short-range air defense systems

South Korean MANPADS and mobile short-range air defense systems

Air defense of the Republic of Korea. In the mid-1980s, the replacement of the outdated FIM-43 Redeye MANPADS was overdue in the armed forces of the Republic of Korea. In the second half of the 1990s, the army of the Republic of Kazakhstan had foreign-made complexes: British Javelin, Russian Igla-1, American FIM-92A Stinger, French

Export of Chinese medium and long-range air defense systems and their competition with Russian anti-aircraft systems

Export of Chinese medium and long-range air defense systems and their competition with Russian anti-aircraft systems

In the 21st century, the People's Republic of China, against the backdrop of impressive economic successes, has become one of the most powerful militarily countries. Simultaneously with the reform of the PLA and equipping the ground forces with new equipment and weapons, much attention is paid to the development of high-tech families

Anti-aircraft artillery of South Korea

Anti-aircraft artillery of South Korea

Air defense of the Republic of Korea. Like most armies of the US allies, the South Korean air defense units of the ground forces were equipped with American-made equipment and weapons until the early 1990s. After the conclusion of an armistice with the DPRK in 1953, the basis of the military air defense

American anti-aircraft machine guns

American anti-aircraft machine guns

Since the advent of military airplanes, machine guns have become one of the most effective means of dealing with them. At first, these were standard infantry models used from standard machines or handicraft devices for anti-aircraft fire. As the altitude and flight speed of combat

Air defense of the Republic of Korea. Airspace control radar systems and missile systems of object air defense and missile defense

Air defense of the Republic of Korea. Airspace control radar systems and missile systems of object air defense and missile defense

Before starting a review of South Korea's air defense system, I want to tell you how the idea arose to make a publication on this topic. Once again I am convinced that the comments of some visitors to the "Military Review" are an inexhaustible source of inspiration. In the past, after categorical

SAM "Krug": service, testing at American proving grounds, use and possible role in local conflicts

SAM "Krug": service, testing at American proving grounds, use and possible role in local conflicts

Service of the Krug SAM system Krug anti-aircraft missile systems of all modifications were in service with anti-aircraft missile brigades (ZRBR) of the army and front (district) subordination. Serial production of the Krug air defense missile system was carried out from 1964 to 1980. The release of anti-aircraft missiles continued until 1983. According to the information

SAM "Krug": the one and only

SAM "Krug": the one and only

Soviet generals and marshals, who managed to survive in the initial period of the war, have forever remembered how defenseless our troops were against the domination of German aviation in the skies. In this regard, the Soviet Union spared no resources to create object and military air defense systems. Due

How Soviet ICBMs eliminated American air defense systems

How Soviet ICBMs eliminated American air defense systems

After the start of the Cold War, the United States tried to gain military superiority over the USSR. The Soviet ground forces were very numerous and equipped with modern military equipment and weapons by the standards of that time, and the Americans and their closest allies could not hope to defeat them on the ground

Automated control system of anti-aircraft missile brigade of air defense SV "Polyana-D4"

Automated control system of anti-aircraft missile brigade of air defense SV "Polyana-D4"

The development of an automated control system for the anti-aircraft missile brigade of the air defense of the ground forces "Polyana-D4" (9S52) was carried out by the Minsk Research Institute of Automation Means of the USSR Ministry of Radio Industry for TTZ GRAU in order to automate the control processes of combat operations of anti-aircraft missile brigades

"Maneuver" - the first Soviet ACCS of the battlefield

"Maneuver" - the first Soviet ACCS of the battlefield

The end of the 1960s was a period of great confrontation between the two superpowers, a period of a grueling arms race. The development of new types of weapons and military equipment is proceeding at a high rate. Microelectronics is developing especially rapidly and on its basis - telecommunications and

Missile defense system A-135 "Amur" in 2018. Modernization continues

Missile defense system A-135 "Amur" in 2018. Modernization continues

In the early nineties, the missile defense system of Moscow and the central industrial region A-135 "Amur" took over on experimental combat duty. In the middle of the same decade, the complex was officially put into service and took up full combat duty. Over the past decades

Unique and forgotten: the birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Lebedev and MESM

Unique and forgotten: the birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Lebedev and MESM

We stopped at the fact that by the end of the 1950s in the USSR there was not a single computer capable of effectively solving the task of targeting an anti-missile. But wait, we were one of the pioneers of computer technology? Or not? In fact, the history of Soviet computers is a little more complicated than it seems. MESM She

Unique and forgotten: the birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Brooke and M-1

Unique and forgotten: the birth of the Soviet missile defense system. Brooke and M-1

We stopped at the fact that Lebedev was going to Moscow to build his first BESM. But in the capital at that time it was also interesting. An independent machine with the modest name M-1 was being built there. Alternative architecture began with the meeting at the beginning of 1947 of Isaac Brook and Bashir Rameev

Domestic means of early missile warning. Part 2

Domestic means of early missile warning. Part 2

In addition to over-the-horizon and over-the-horizon radars, the Soviet early warning system used a space component based on artificial earth satellites (AES). This made it possible to significantly improve the reliability of information and detect ballistic missiles

"System" A "- the firstborn of the national missile defense

"System" A "- the firstborn of the national missile defense

On March 4, 1961, a successful test of the first in the Soviet Union anti-missile defense system took place, the B-1000 anti-missile missile on a launcher, the city of Priozersk (Sary-Shagan training ground). Photo from the site http: //army.lv With the "section" of the rocket heritage of Nazi Germany, its main part, including

American anti-aircraft and anti-missile systems of the Nike family

American anti-aircraft and anti-missile systems of the Nike family

During the Second World War, work was carried out in Germany, Great Britain and the United States to create anti-aircraft guided missiles. But for various reasons, none of the prototypes created was never accepted into service. In 1945, in stationary positions, around major cities and important defense and industrial

Companion hunters

Companion hunters

The sky-high secret is revealed with the help of the Minsk chassis At the beginning of December last year, the head of the US Air Force Space Command, General John Hayten, announced that Russia and China were developing weapons systems capable of destroying satellites in low-Earth orbit

American intelligence is interested in the Nudol project

American intelligence is interested in the Nudol project

Russia is developing a number of promising anti-aircraft, anti-missile and anti-space defense systems designed to protect the country as a whole and individual facilities from a possible attack. All these projects naturally attract the attention of foreign experts and the media