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In Beijing, they simply could not fail to notice that in the confrontation between the PRC and the USSR in the early 60s, the notorious dissident People's Labor Union immediately took the Chinese side (Our dissidents were loyal to the Marx-Engels-Lenin-Stalin-Mao cause).
According to World Broadcast and some Taiwanese sources, representatives of at least ten anti-Soviet émigré groups, including the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, visited the PRC from the early 1970s to the mid-1980s.
Tourism was by no means educational in nature: the guests of the Celestial Empire first of all got acquainted with the technical equipment of the Chinese, of course, "anti-Soviet" radio broadcasting in the USSR. It goes without saying that these visits were almost coordinated with the US CIA and other Western special services, which have long been "guarding" those groups.
However, the most important stimulus for contacts not only between the anti-Soviet emigration, but also the West German revanchists with the PRC, was the statement of Mao Zedong on July 10, 1964 at a meeting in Beijing with the leadership of the Socialist Party of Japan:] “… the Soviet Union occupied too many territories. They also separated a part from Romania, namely Bessarabia. They also separated parts from Germany, for example, a piece of East Germany. They drove all the Germans living there to the western part. They also separated a piece from Poland and annexed it to Belarus. They separated another piece from Germany and annexed it to Poland as compensation for the territories that they separated from Poland and gave to Belarus. Finally, they cut another piece from Finland. Everything that they had the opportunity to cut off, they cut off. I believe they shouldn't cut anything at all."
In the same conversation, Mao boldly announced that the entire Kuril archipelago was Japanese ().
Listen and … obey
It is also known that the PRC at that time did not defiantly obstruct the broadcasting of programs in Russian and Ukrainian languages by Radio Liberty and NTS's Radio Free Russia. These stations, run by Western intelligence services, have had four and three shortwave transmitters in Taiwan, respectively, for decades.
As noted by the ex-director of "Free Russia" Gleb Rahr, "The directivity of the antennas was such that the broadcast passed through the whole of China towards the Urals, Western and Eastern Siberia."
According to G. Rahr, there was no interference from the PRC to the broadcasts of these radio stations ().
More active interaction between Beijing and the anti-Soviet emigration was among the agreements reached during the visit of the head of the CIA, William Casey, to the capital of the PRC in March 1981. As noted by the famous American political scientist and historian Peter Schweitzer, “… Casey had no doubt that China was an excellent counterbalance to the Soviet Union. Therefore, the US administration has long been engaged in a quiet flirtation with the Chinese."
CIA Director Discussed in Beijing with Head of China's Ministry of State and Public Security Ling Yun
"Developing cooperation in the field of intelligence, joint maintenance of electronic eavesdropping systems along the Soviet border, providing joint assistance to the mujahideen in Afghanistan, maintaining a dialogue on common operational actions, and developing information exchange."
The mutual significance of those negotiations is also evidenced by the fact that "" also participated in them: as you know, it included not only NTS members, but also agents from other anti-Soviet emigre groups. And at a dinner in honor of W. Casey
"Someone raised a toast to joint action to contain the Soviet adventures: that evening was pleasant for everyone, and Casey was in great shape."
And which one is paranoid?
Let us recall in this regard that in 1978-1981. In the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of the PRC, bordering Altai and Central Asia, centers for joint electronic tracking of Soviet nuclear facilities and electronic reconnaissance were created, covering over a third of the territory of the USSR.
If we consider the events of that time in a broader context, in the joint message of the presidential adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski and Defense Minister Harold Brown to President Jimmy Carter on February 14, 1978, it was emphasized that
"… the widespread use of the Chinese factor will have an impact on the entire range of relations within the US-China-USSR" triangle "and will correspond to the interests of the United States."
In his memoirs, Brzezinski noted: at the end of the 70s
"I began to convince the president that the time has come to be more active in such a sensitive area for the USSR as China."
These arguments were accepted by the administration as one of the main foreign policy tasks ().
But the then Soviet leadership indirectly accelerated the anti-Soviet American-Chinese bond. For it demanded from Washington to prevent the sale of weapons and dual-use goods to the PRC.
Namely: on December 27, 1978 - three days before the establishment of official diplomatic relations between the United States and China (!) - Brezhnev, as if indignant at the fact of such relations, sent a letter to Carter, offering
"… to influence the European NATO countries to suspend the sale of weapons to China."
For some reason, Moscow did not find another time for such an offer to Washington …
Carter was simply outraged and went public with that letter. At a meeting at the White House on December 28, he stated:
"… I received a completely outrageous letter from Brezhnev, showing that the Soviets are almost paranoid in everything related to the PRC, and demand that I prevent the sale of any defensive weapons to the PRC by our Western allies."
In response, the United States itself, already in mid-1979, began directly supplying dual-use technologies and auxiliary military equipment to the Celestial Empire. And during the visit of the head of the Pentagon G. Brown to Beijing in January 1980, the parties discussed further joint actions against the USSR, including in Afghanistan, where Soviet troops were deployed in December 1979.
In addition, a list of 400 licenses (!) Was approved for the export of military equipment, technologies and military equipment from the United States to China ().
Meanwhile, on April 14, 1971, the US administration lifted the embargo on trade with the PRC (the cancellation came into force on May 1, 1971), and this decision "prudently" did not mention the ban on the supply of American military-technical products and dual-use products to Beijing. … The latter began to enter the PRC since the fall of 1970 by re-export through Pakistan, Iran, Singapore, British Hong Kong, Portuguese Macau.
It is not surprising that, given the growing - hardly allied role of the PRC in the confrontation between the West and the USSR, not a single Western country introduced any sanctions for the armed suppression of anti-Maoist demonstrations in Tiananmen in early April 1976 (that is, during the life of Mao Zedong).
There were no Western sanctions and the use of tank units to suppress the same, but larger-scale demonstrations in Tiananmen in June 1989. In both cases, in the West, figuratively speaking, there was a little fuss about human rights in the PRC, and only …