On the eve of May 9, I would like to tell you about the many millions of people who forged the Great Victory. I first learned about him from my grandfather, who fought under his command and remembered him with warmth.
A graduate of the Makhachkala Secondary School No. 1, a student of the Grozny Oil Institute, Komsomolets. Shetiel Abramov voluntarily left for the front in June 1941. Graduated from the military infantry school.
… It was May 1942. The 242nd Infantry Division fought fierce battles with the enemy. In the spring flood, the Seversky Donets widely spread their waters. The river was seething with shells and mines. On the other side of it, to the left, a company of a rifle regiment was in need of replenishment of forces and ammunition. Abramov's platoon went to the rescue. Under continuous fire, the platoon crossed the river. Spun around in a chain. The commander led him in lowlands, gullies. There was a field in the way. Crawling forward. But no matter how hard the fighters tried to get to the rifle company unnoticed, they did not succeed: the enemy found a replenishment suitable for the company. Shells began to burst nearby, bullets whistled overhead. But the enemy's fire did not stop the soldiers. They joined up with the company and entered the battle on the move. Abramov rose to his full height, rushed forward with an appeal: "To attack!" But then he fell as if knocked down. A trickle of blood flowed from the boot, pierced by a bullet, but the commander continued to lead the battle until the forces left him. With difficulty, he crawled away from the place of shelling. One thing pleased me - the first combat mission was completed. After the hospital, he was enrolled in another unit that defended Stalingrad from the northwest. The enemy rushed to the city. The division held back the onslaught of the invaders. She also fought offensive battles to stop the enemy, to prevent him from crossing the Don.
… In large offensive battles of our troops, Lieutenant Abramov commanded a rifle company, which went to break through the enemy's defenses. On November 19, 1942, the company covered 35 kilometers. Victory in battles over the enemy is always a joy. But on that memorable day, while surrounded by a group of German troops near the village of Peskovatka, Abramov was wounded for the third time. The bullet pierced the right arm, shattering the bone. Hospital again. After treatment, Abramov was enlisted as the commander of the 9th rifle company in the 246th Guards Rifle Regiment of the 82nd Guards Rifle Division of the 8th Guards Army. He was awarded the rank of senior lieutenant. A big event happened in the life of the young Officer: he was accepted into the party. Shetiel Abramov also considers 17 July 1943 to be a memorable day of his frontline biography.
“Since dawn,” he recalls, “our artillery unleashed powerful fire on the defenses of Hitler’s troops, on the right bank of the Seversky Donets near the town of Izyum. Rifle subunits crossed the river and seized the first line of defense of the Germans by assault. The path of the advancing was blocked by the height, dominating the terrain. The soldiers called her "Cretaceous". Here the Germans had an observation post, from which both banks of the Seversky Donets River were clearly visible and, for several kilometers, the steppe. The Germans turned the height into a heavily fortified stronghold, erecting bunkers on it with rolls in several rows, created minefields, machine-gun nests, dug it with trenches, communication trenches. A continuous avalanche of fire prevented the advance of our units. " Rote Abramov, together with the 8th company, was ordered to take the height. Rifle companies twice went to assault it. For the first time, Abramov's submachine gunners were caught at the foot of the hill, but the forces were unequal - they had to retreat. A fire fight began. The Germans launched a counterattack. This battle lasted two hours. Meter by meter, the guardsmen conquered the dominant height. A thick chalk curtain rose around. The dust blinded the eyes, irritated the throat, stuffed into the muzzles of machine guns, and they refused to serve the soldiers. "Grenades for battle!" - the command of Abramov was distributed then. The battles for the Cretaceous were going on for three days. When the shooting subsided, the explosions stopped, the chalk dust settled, the soldiers following Abramov's company saw a red flag at the height. The entire company of Abramov was awarded for this feat. The commander received his first award - the Order of the Red Star. In the battles for the height of the guard, Senior Lieutenant Abramov was again wounded. The command offered him a rest. But he asked permission to stay on the front lines.
His company took part in the liberation of Barvenkovo, Zaporozhye, liberated Odessa. In Zaporozhye, he was wounded for the fifth time. In April 1944, one of the first Abramov's company crossed the Southern Bug and approached the Dniester. The enemy kept all the river crossings under fire. For 12 days in the water, soaked to the bones, almost without food, exhausted by heavy multi-day offensive battles, the soldiers of Abramov's company held the conquered bridgehead in order to ensure the deployed offensive of our troops from here. The assigned task, according to the command, was accomplished perfectly. Shetiel Abramov, among others who distinguished himself in battles, was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War of the 1st degree.
In offensive battles to break through the enemy's defenses on the Vistula River, the battalion again distinguished itself, in which the guard Captain Abramov was the deputy commander for the combat unit, successfully crossed the river, captured a bridgehead on the western bank, held it. For participation in battles, he was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. In the battles for Warsaw, Abramov more than once led the battalion through minefields to break through long-term fortifications, skillfully organized the reflection of attacks by tanks and self-propelled guns to the enemy, by personal example he raised the soldiers to attack. He deftly made his way to the front edge of the enemy's defense and threw grenades at seemingly invulnerable enemy dugouts.
Our soldiers overcame many obstacles on the way to victory: numerous reinforced concrete structures, steel caps, houses turned into pillboxes. "But the most difficult obstacle, perhaps, was the fortress city of Poznan," Shetiel Abramov said. "It seemed impregnable." The enemy erected a multi-tiered engineering structure here. It had the shape of a polygon, on the tops of which there were firing points - forts and ravelins. The walls of the fortress were surrounded by a moat, which was eight meters deep and ten meters wide. The bottom of the ditch is littered with sheets of ragged iron and barbed wire. The Nazis were sure that the infantry would not take the citadel, and the tanks would not get through here. The battalion of Abramov was ordered to capture the first fort. On February 19, 1945, the assault units occupied the trenches of the front edge, drove the enemy into the fortress, and came close to the ditch. The battalion of Shetiel Abramov went to the first fort. On the night of February 20, the battalion began an assault on the fortress: the soldiers broke through the ladders down to the bottom of the ditch, using the same ladders they tried to break into the fortress - once, twice, three times. The enemy was firing exceptionally dense fire. Soldiers mowed with lead fell, and the attackers had no success in any sector. For two nights the soldiers of Abramov stormed the fort, but all attempts remained unsuccessful. It was necessary to come up with something. And Abramov decided: "It is necessary to storm the fortress during the day." He ordered the allocation of two assault groups of six people each and a support group. Early in the morning, sappers threw smoke bombs and grenades into the moat. The enemy unleashed heavy fire on the moat. He hit with all kinds of weapons. A fiery hurricane raged over the moat. The battalion was silent, only occasionally smoke bombs flew into the moat. This went on for two hours. The Nazis began to calm down, their fire weakened, and soon ceased altogether. At this time, at the command of Abramov, the assault groups, which had concentrated by that time in the ditch, began to climb the stairs in smoke into the fortress. One soldier caught on, followed by a second, a third soldier: both groups burst into the enemy's location, bayonets went into action. The enemy was stunned, but after a while, seeing that a handful were storming, he launched a counterattack. But the assault, getting help, pushed the enemy further and further. Abramov's battalion captured a significant foothold. By evening, a white flag appeared in one of the embrasures of the first fort - the flag of surrender. Shetiel knew very well how cunning the fascists were. And the number of the garrison of the fort was unknown. A quarter of an hour later, a German officer with two soldiers came out of the fort. The enemy envoy reported that the fort's garrison, numbering over a hundred people, was being taken prisoner. Abramov reported this to the regiment commander by phone, asked to send submachine gunners to the ditch to receive prisoners. He could not do this on his own: only fifteen men remained in the ranks, with the battalion commander at the head … A few hours later, the remaining divisions of the division moved inside the fortress in the sector of Abramov's battalion. And in the evening our artillery entered the fortress over a bridge drawn by sappers across the moat. On the morning of February 23, the soldiers of Abramov and other units, with powerful artillery support, renewed their attacks. Enemy forts surrendered one by one. By two o'clock in the afternoon, the citadel was completely cleared of the Nazis
Here is what the commander of the 246th Guards Rifle Regiment, Hero of the Soviet Union, Guards Major A. V, Plyakin wrote, introducing Shetiel Abramov to the rank of Hero: “Abramov, as the deputy commander of a rifle battalion for combat units, proved to be extremely courageous, experienced and skillful, proactive officer. On February 7, 1945, he was wounded, but refused to leave the battlefield and continued to lead the battle. On February 19, in fierce battles for the approaches to the Poznan citadel, the battalion commander was killed. Abramov, without a moment's hesitation, took over command of the battalion. The enemy significantly outnumbered Abramov's battalion, but could not resist and was destroyed.
Storming the rampart, Abramov's fighters, seeing their commander in the front ranks of the attackers, were the first to break into the rampart and, hoisting the Red Banner on it, entrenched themselves. Building on the success achieved, the Guard Captain Abramov captured a grove with radio masts - the main stronghold for the 3rd and 4th ravelins, using tanks that fought off the rifle units they supported and were in the sector of Abramov's battalion. Abramov's battalion was the first to wedge into the enemy defense between the 3rd and 4th ravelins, and, not allowing the enemy to recover, seized ravelin No. 4 by a swift assault from different directions, thereby cutting the grouping into two parts. Abramov, having burst into one pillbox, found himself in a difficult position. Six fascists attacked him. In a fierce battle, using a blade, a grenade, he destroyed five Nazis and took one prisoner. In the course of these battles, Abramov's battalion destroyed up to 400 Nazis and took over 1,500 prisoners, captured large trophies."
After the war, he returned to his institute, graduated from it. Soon he defended his thesis at the Leningrad Geological Research Institute on the topic: "Oil-bearing capacity of Mesozoic deposits of Northern Dagestan." Until 1992, he worked at the Grozny Oil Institute, successively occupying the positions of: laboratory assistant, assistant, senior lecturer, associate professor, head of the department of general geology, dean of the geological faculty. Since 1993 he lived in Moscow, where he died on May 14, 2004. Buried at the Domodedovo cemetery in Moscow.