Arms and military technologies have always been an important item of Russian export. Countries with a developed defense-industrial complex (MIC), which undoubtedly includes Russia, create weapons and military equipment not only for their own needs, but also for sale to other countries. For Russia, arms export is a lucrative business. Today, Russia owns a quarter of the world arms market (second place in 2011-2015), our country is second only to the United States (33% of the market). In third place is China, which controls only 5, 9% of the world market for weapons and military equipment. The export of arms brought our country more than 15 billion dollars in 2015.
During a meeting of the commission on military-technical cooperation (MTC) with foreign countries, which took place at the end of October 2015, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that the order book of Russian defense industry enterprises now exceeds $ 50 billion. At the same time, the president urged those in charge not to relax, but to even more actively promote the military products of Russian enterprises to regional markets. According to the information of the Federal Service for Military and Technical Cooperation, over the past 11 years, export supplies of Russian arms have tripled at once (from about $ 5 to $ 15.3 billion). Russia has firm contracts for the supply of weapons with 60 countries.
Exports of Russian arms in October 2016
Transactions, information about which appeared in the public domain, information about which was confirmed in the Russian media are taken into account.
Start of deliveries of President-S airborne defense systems to Egypt
The Egyptian Armed Forces received from Russia the first batch of unique Russian airborne defense systems (BKO) for President-S aircraft and helicopters. This is the newest product of the Russian military-industrial complex, which is developed and manufactured by the Concern "Radioelectronic Technologies" (KRET). BKO "President-S" was developed at the Research Institute "Ekran", which is part of KRET. This complex is already being installed on Ka-52, Mi-28 and Mi-26 helicopters.
Egypt received the first batch of 3 items at the end of the summer of 2016, Izvestia reported this in October, citing its own source in military-diplomatic circles. The complexes are installed on Mi-17 helicopters of the Egyptian Air Force. It is reported that these helicopters have already taken part in hostilities against militants. It is not known whether the Egyptian Mi-17s came under fire, but Cairo is pleased with the equipment supplied. At least one modernized Mi-17 helicopter of the Egyptian Air Force took part in the military parade, which was dedicated to the 43rd anniversary of the beginning of the Arab-Israeli "Yom Kippur War." The parade took place in the Egyptian capital on October 6, 2016.
The President-S airborne defense system is designed to protect aircraft and helicopters from anti-aircraft guided missiles. It also provides protection against air-to-air missiles. The BKO is able to independently detect a threat to an aircraft, determine the degree of its danger and activate electronic interference that will prevent the detected missile from hitting the target. By detecting and tracking the attacking missile, the complex creates active radio interference to the missile guidance radar head or directs the coded multispectral laser radiation to its optical homing head. Such an effect of the complex leads to the failure of the missile tracking the target and its departure from the reference trajectory away from the protected aircraft.
BCO "President-S" is in demand on the international market. Deputy General Director of KRET V. Mikheev noted that in 2016 foreign customers will receive several dozen of these complexes, and in 2017 more than a hundred complexes. Contracts for the supply of the BKO President-S were also concluded with Belarus, Algeria and India.
The contract for the supply of Su-30MK2 for Vietnam is fully completed
In Komsomolsk-on-Amur, at the local aviation plant named after Yu. A. Gagarin (KnAAZ, a branch of PJSC Sukhoi Company), a contract for the supply of Su-30MK2 multipurpose fighters for Vietnam was completed. The last two fighters have been tested and are ready to be handed over to the customer. Multifunctional fighters were created within the framework of the contract for the supply of 12 aircraft of this type, which was concluded between Rosoborrexport and the Vietnamese side in August 2013. The total amount of the deal was about $ 600 million, according to the bmpd blog.
It is reported that two Su-30MK2 fighters built in Komsomolsk-on-Amur with side numbers 8593 and 8594 were the last fighters of this type not only built for Vietnam, but also at KnAAZ as a whole. In accordance with a decision taken in February 2015 at the local aircraft plant, it was decided to discontinue production of Su-30 fighters, focusing on the production of multifunctional Su-35 fighters and promising Russian fifth-generation T-50 fighters.
It should be noted that earlier, Vietnam, under three contracts concluded between 2004 and 2012, received a total of 24 Su-30MK2 multifunctional fighters for the country's Air Force and Air Defense. Thus, in total, Russia sold 36 aircraft of this type to Vietnam.
Contract for the supply of S-300 air defense systems to Iran completed
Russia has completed the long-suffering contract for the supply of S-300 anti-aircraft missile systems to Iran, which was signed back in 2007. Alexander Fomin, Director of the Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation (FSMTC), told reporters about this during the ArmHiTec-2016 arms exhibition in Yerevan. According to Rossiyskaya Gazeta, Fomin noted that all divisions of S-300 complexes had already been delivered to Iran, without specifying how many divisions Iran received.
The contract between Russia and Iran for the supply of S-300 air defense systems was signed in 2007, its cost was about $ 900 million. But with the adoption on June 9, 2010 by the UN Security Council of a resolution on Iran, which imposed a ban on the transfer of modern weapons to the country, the curtailment of bilateral military-technical cooperation began. Only in April 2015, after some progress that was made during negotiations on the Iranian nuclear issue between Tehran and the "six" of international mediators, Russian President Vladimir Putin lifted the embargo on the supply of Russian S-300 air defense systems to Iran.
In July last year, Vladimir Kozhin, aide to the Russian president for military-technical cooperation, said that Iran would receive modernized S-300 anti-aircraft missile systems from the Russian Federation. On November 9, 2015, the contract entered into force. On April 11, 2016, the Iranian side received the first batch of complexes, Hussein Jaber Ansari, a representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic, told about this. On May 10, 2016, the Russian S-300 anti-aircraft missile systems delivered to Iran were put into service at the Iranian air defense base of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps "Hatam al-Anbiya" Tehran.
The Peruvian army will receive the Russian radio stations R-312ATs
Rosoboronexport will supply Russian R-312ATs radio stations to the Peruvian Ground Forces. This will allow the Ministry of Defense of the republic to save more than $ 12 million, reports Rostec. More than $ 11.5 million of budget funds are being saved as part of the transfer of Russian radio equipment under the industrial and social compensation program (offset) in connection with the acquisition of 24 Mi-171Sh helicopters by Peru. Russia is ready to allocate about 1 million more dollars to Peru for the construction of a helicopter training center in case of implementation of 8 offset projects agreed with the Ministry of Defense of this country in July 2015.
If necessary, the Russian side is ready to conduct a demonstration of R-312ATs radio stations in Russia for the Peruvian military and confirm that they correspond to a high technological level. In addition, taking into account the wishes of the representatives of Peru, Rosoboronexport is ready to adjust the lists of equipment supplied, already agreed upon by the parties, in order to satisfy the requests of the logistics command and the communications service of the Peruvian Ground Forces to the maximum extent possible.
Russian radio stations R-312ATs are equipped with GPS receivers, they are universal and absolutely compatible with the radio stations used by the Peruvian military today, including the British Selex SSR-400. If necessary, Peru will be able to use Russian radio stations with other foreign-made crypto protection modules it has. All this makes it possible to effectively integrate Russian radio stations into the command and control system of communications of the Peruvian Armed Forces and thereby achieve minimum risk and maximum efficiency when conducting special operations in the VRAEM zone. VRAEM is an area in Peru, short for the valleys of the Apurimac, Ene and Mantaro rivers. The area is a center for terrorist activities and drug cultivation and trafficking (coca leaves, cocaine production).
The main and indisputable advantage of Russian-made R-312ATs radio stations over similar foreign equipment is that at present they are the only certified devices for organizing communication between Russian helicopters (Mi-171Sh) and ground units in a crypto-protected mode.
China purchased 224 D-30KP2 engines manufactured by NPO Saturn under two contracts
In October 2016, the bmpd blog provided information on the supply of 224 D-30KP2 engines manufactured by NPO Saturn to China. Information about the decisions of the general meeting of shareholders of PJSC Scientific and Production Association Saturn (Rybinsk city) held on October 24, 2016 was published on the corporate information disclosure server. Of greatest interest is the approval of the conclusion of amendments to the commission agreements between PJSC NPO Saturn and JSC Rosoboronexport under two contracts concluded in July of this year for the supply of a total of 224 D-30KP2 bypass turbojet engines to China (these engines are installed on Il-76 aircraft / 78 and Chinese Y-20). The total delivery amount is just over $ 658 million. The customer under the contract is the Department of Borrowing Arms, Military Equipment and Technologies of the Department for Cooperation on Armaments, Military Equipment and Technologies of the Main Directorate for the Development of Arms and Military Equipment of the Central Military Council of the PRC. The engines will be delivered to Chengdu Airport.
It should be noted that earlier, under the contract dated February 2009, in the period 2009-2011, the PRC has already received 55 engines of this type produced by NPO Saturn. Later, another contract was signed between Rosoboronexport and Beijing for the supply of 184 Russian engines to the Celestial Empire, which was implemented by the end of 2015. Thus, taking into account new contracts for 224 engines, China has already purchased 463 aircraft engines of this type from Russia. Engine deliveries under the new contract will begin in 2017. In the first quarter of 2017, China will receive the first 10 Russian D-30KP2 engines.
With regard to the latest contracts dated July 2016, it can be assumed that the D-30KP2 bypass turbojet engines are intended to replace engines of the same type on the IL-76/78 type aircraft operated by the PLA Air Force (contract for 54 engines), and engines under the contract for 170 units, possibly, are intended for subsequent installation on the planned new military transport aircraft Y-20 of Chinese production.
Russia and India have agreed on the supply of S-400 air defense systems, project 11356 frigates and joint production of Ka-226T helicopters
In October 2016, the Russian Federation and India signed a number of important agreements in the military-technical sphere, TASS reports. Among them are the future deliveries of S-400 Triumph anti-aircraft missile systems, the production of Project 11356 frigates for the Indian Navy, as well as the creation of a joint Indian-Russian company that will manufacture Ka-226T helicopters (previously it was about the construction of 200 helicopters). The final documents were signed following the talks between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the presence of the leaders of both countries. In total, within the framework of the negotiations, 18 documents were signed, and a statement was adopted on joint approaches to achieving global peace and stability.
The S-400 Triumph is a modern long-range anti-aircraft missile system that was adopted by the Russian army in 2007. This air defense system is capable of destroying enemy aircraft and cruise missiles at a distance of up to 400 kilometers, as well as intercepting ballistic targets flying at speeds of up to 4.8 kilometers per second at a distance of up to 60 kilometers. China became the first foreign buyer of the S-400 Triumph air defense system. The signing of a contract between China and Russia was announced last spring. According to media reports, the cost of the deal concluded with Beijing was about $ 3 billion. The deliveries of the complexes under the contract with China have not yet begun.
Frigates of project 11356. Six frigates of project 11356 were built for the needs of the Russian Navy, but the construction of the second three ships was called into question, since they are equipped with power plants produced by Ukrainian companies. Obtaining gas turbine power plants from Ukraine in the light of recent events is not possible. As a result, in the spring of 2016, information appeared that the United Shipbuilding Corporation was negotiating with India on the sale of the last three ships of this type. Currently, the Indian Navy already has 6 Talwar-class frigates built in Russia, which are the predecessors of the Project 11356 warships, created for export deliveries. These ships entered the Indian Navy in 2003-2004 and 2012-2013, respectively.
Russia and India were able to agree on the joint production of Ka-226T multipurpose helicopters back in December 2015 during the visit of the Indian Prime Minister to Russia. It is assumed that within the framework of bilateral cooperation at least 200 Ka-226T helicopters will be produced, with 140 of them planned to be produced directly on the territory of India. The Ka-226T is a light multipurpose helicopter with a maximum take-off weight of 3600 kg. The helicopter is designed to carry goods weighing up to 1.5 tons (785 kg in the transport cabin) or 6-7 passengers at a distance of up to 470 km.